Shashi Bhushan was born on November 11, 1924 in a middle class family at Lashkar situated in the princely Gwalior state. In Gwalior, the residents were having a strange dual position. Apart from being slaves of the British empire they were also treated as slaves by the ruler of the Gwalior State. He had his early education at Lashkar, Amjhera, Neemuch, Barnagar, Nagda and Mungawali towns in today's Madhya Pradesh.

It was not by chance that Shashi Bhushan developed aversion to injustice, atrocities and exploitation and became a rebel from his childhood. His ideas and his determined fight against communal forces which define his personality, had roots in the teachings of patriotic and secular heroes. For example in Mungawali, he received education from a teacher who had taught Shaheed Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. From his childhood, Shashi Bhushan grew up in a socio-political milieu in which people were inspired by the teachings of Swami Dayanand, Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Swami Vivekanand against feudalism, orthodoxy, untouchability, casteist exploitation and fundamentalism. The writings of Shaheed Bhagat Singh, biographies of Lokmanya Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai and sacrifices of Chandra Shekhar Azad. Ashfaqullah, Ram Prasad 'Bismil', Rajguru, Sukhdev, Genda Lal Dixit and other martyrs greatly influenced Shahsi Bhushan. It was a period of political awakening preceded by the First War of Independence in which Bahadur Shah Zafar had called upon Hindus and Muslims to unite to expel Britishers from India and to make supreme sacrifices.

1857 heralded a new era of communal harmony and unity among people of all faiths and creeds in their fight against foreign domination. The War of Independence of 1857 was the beginning of a revolution which gave impetus to mass actions in the form of protest demonstration and processions.

Freedom struggle which commenced with spark ignited by Bahadur Shah Zafar in 1857 and ended with the clarion call of "Quit India" and "Do or Die" by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942. While the non-violent struggle succeeded in making the people of India conscious about their birth right to freedom, the revolutionaries embarked upon the path of sacrificing their lives at the altar of freedom to accelerate the pace of struggle for national independence.

During August Revolution of 1942, ultimatum to the British to Quit India, 'Do or Die' struggle and Hindu-Muslim unity were the burning national issues. Gandhiji's mass movement was linked with socio-economic transformation of the society. As such the freedom struggle came to be known as a mass struggle for social and political emancipation of the people of India.

Shashi Bhushan in his home town at Chitraoli, Lashkar, Gwalior came into contact with an artist who used to cast images of Sri Krishna, Sri Rama, Sri Hanuman and other mythological characters on white metal after melting and casting dyes. Having developed close contacts with him, Shashi Bhushan succeeded in inspiring him to cast images of Mahatma Gandhi, Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad and others on coin shaped metal badges. In order to pursue his political activities and to keep the atmosphere surcharged with the slogans of Vande Mataram, Bharat Mata ki Jai and Inquilab Zindabad, Shashi Bhushan exhorted students to remove pictures of Queen Victoria which were found hanging on the walls of schools. In order to make the campaign successful, Shashi Bhushan usedto sell metal cast badges in large quantities among school students, farmers and working class people. The money so collected was used to carry on the campaign for strengthening the freedom movement.

At the age of sixteen, Shashi Bhushan wanted to meet Subhash Chandra Bose in Kolkata. In January 1941, he travelled via Jhansi to Kolkata, but could not meet Bose who at that time was busy planning to escape to Europe. Later, Netaji managed to leave India for Kabul by dodging police and the Intelligence Department of the British Government. Shashi Bhushan met Amulya Charan Chatterjee who was the Chief Jailor of Kolkata Presidency Jail before his services were terminated by the government on the charge of having helped to send a message of Maulana Azad out of jail, was working as assistant to Netaji Amulya Charan Chatterjee later met Shashi Bhushan in Kasur-Sub Jail where he was also imprisoned for having taken part in the Quit India movement.

During absconding days Shashi Bhushan stayed in a temple near the banks of Hoogli. Lala Mool Chand used to visit this temple and in due course of time he became a close friend of Shashi Bhushan.

During Second World War, a Japanese aircraft was spotted over Kolkata which made the people panicky, particularly the affluent Marwari community. About 20 lakh traders fled from Kolkata.

Shashi Bhushan and Lala Mool Chand left Kolkata for Meham via Delhi. But they had to disembark from the train at Benaras as the train was packed. Both were travelling on a platform-ticket. At Benaras, on being checked by the railway staff, Shashi Bhushan swallowed the platform ticket. Both managed to come out of the railway station. At that time Benaras was under curfew and when they tried to cross the bridge, a policeman told them not to cross the bridge leading towards the old city. Since he spoke in a language which appeared to be 'Haryanavi', Shashi Bhushan asked the policeman if he was from Haryana. He replied in affirmative. The policeman took both of them to an Ashram. In Benaras the general atmosphere was anti-British, rule and the individual Satyagrah and revolutionary movement against colonial government was its climax. Many underground workers had been arrested. Shashi Bhushan established contacts with revolutionaries and satyagrahis which included Prof. Radhey Shyam, Acharya Dipankar and Ramnandan Mishra at Benaras. From Benaras Shashi Bhushan travelled to Delhi and then proceeded to Mahem.

While Lala Mool Chand got busy with his business, Shashi Bhushan continued to work in the freedom movement. From Meham, Shashi Bhushan went to Rohtak.

Where he had wide contacts with the people of all walks of life. He came in contact with Lala Tek Chand, who is remembered in this area with great respect due to his participation in the freedom struggle. Lalaji used to talk about 'Do or Die' movement which was at its climax in 1942.

Lala Tek Chand while speaking about Shashi Bhushan said that inspite of being a Gandhian, he was a known revolutionary thinker. Shashi Bhushan, according to him was a regular member of Rohtak Vyayamshala and could easily be recognised due to his healthy and strong physique. He used to exhort students of Gaur Brahmin High School and Vaish High School to take part in the struggle for the liberation of India.

CID began chasing Shashi Bhushan in Gwalior, Calcutta, Benaras, Delhi, Rohtak, Lahore and Rawalpindi, but he continued to play hide and seek and dodged them. During absconding period, Shashi Bhushan continued to take part in the activities as a revolutionary and a Satyagrahies.

The army of the princely state of Gwalior took part in the World War II on the side of the British. Shashi Bhushan procured arms from the sepoys of Gwalior state army and secretly passed them on to the revolutionaries with the promise that they will be used only against the British government. In course of time the revolutionary activities of Shashi Bhushan became known to the authorities and he was declared a 'terrorist'.

The writ of the colonial government was so wide that all schools, including primary schools were forced to display portraits of the British Queen in school premises conspicuously. Shashi Bhushan thought that this was an affront to the national sentiments of the people. With vengeance he embarked upon a plan to remove and destroy pictures of the British Queen and instead requested the school authorities to display the pictures of 'Bharat Mata' in schools. He disrupted train services which carried armed forces and removed railway tracks, printed and circulated anti-British literature secretly and pasted posters and handbills at night against the government.

During this period, Shashi Bhushan maintained close contact with revolutionaries, as well as with Satyagrahis. He met Bhagwat Dayal Sharma, a stalwart of freedom struggle who later became Chief Minister of Haryana and Prof. Radhey Shyam Sharma of Benaras Hindu University. He also met with Ramesh Mehta, a revolutionary who had jumped from top floor of a house holding two policemen under his arms who had come to arrest him. His wife Dr. Shanti Devi provided maximum help to Shashi Bhushan while he was absconding.

Dabur had its office at Sadar Bazar in Delhi. Its proprietor supported revolutionaries and was very sympathetic towards Satyagrahies. He asked Shashi Bhushan to become the Sales Agent of Dabur which would facilitate his travelling throughout the country, and if asked he could use the cover as Sales Representative of Dabur and at the same time continue his political activities.

Shashi Bhushan took part in revolutionary activities aimed at paralysing government machinery by setting railway stations on fire and damaging government properties.

He met with C.K. Krishna Nair, a noted Gandhian who was one of the five Satyagrahis chosen by Mahatma Gandhi in 1941. When Shashi Bhushan fell ill during the absconding period, C.K. Krishna Nair took him on his cycle to Gurukul Indraprastha in the outskirts of Delhi for medical treatment.

This provided an opportunity to Shashi Bhushan to come into direct contact with 150 to 200 students of Gurukul Indraprastha. He told Gurukul students that Kasturba Gandhi was on hunger strike in Yervada Jail, and that it was their patriotic duty to express solidarity with her and take part in the Quit India movement. Shashi Bhushan approached Indra Vidyavachaspati son of the distinguished Arya Samaj leader, Swami Shradhanand, the Chancellor (Kulpati) of Gurukul Indraprastha and Acharya Dharam Dev (later he went to Aurobindo Ashram) to allow Gurukul students to take part in Satyagrah. The Chancellor declined, saying that students were minors. Shashi Bhushan who himself was a minor did not appreciate the logic that minors could not become soldiers of freedom. However, it was at the initiative and pursuation of Shashi Bhushan, that young students of Gurukul Indraprastha, took part in Quit India movement of 1942. A procession was organised at Chandni Chowk in Delhi where Gurukul students raised fiery slogans against the government. Police resorted to firing in order to disperse agitating youths. Police targetted Shashi Bhushan and fired at him. He escaped being hurt with a bullet but his colleague in the movement was hit by a bullet and died the death of a martyr. This incident made Shashi Bhushan popular among people, but he became an eye sore for the police of British India. The students took shelter in the air-raids trenches that had been built during the World War II. All the students were arrested. Later on Shashi Bhushan met them in the Borstal jail at Lahore where he was undergoing imprisonment as security prisoner.

The jail authorities in Lahore used to provide a small quantity of desi ghee to minor inmates of the jail. When Gurukul students started performing 'havan' with desi ghee, Shashi Bhushan told them that since they were giving their 'ahuti' in the war of liberation, there was no need to offer 'ahuti' of desi ghee for performing "havan".

Shashi Bhushan inspired young people to become soldiers of freedom in the fight against imperialism, and exorted them to make supreme sacrifice at the altar of freedom. He favoured both Satyagrah and revolutionary action to realise the ultimate goal of freedom.

Shashi Bhushan visited Gwalior during the absconding period though he was being chased by CID in Gwalior. He returned to Delhi, and on arrival at Railway Station, he found that recruitment to various wings of the army during the Second World War was going on. The British agents donning black caps and khaki shorts were helping recruitment of Indians in the army. For recruitment made, of each individual, agent was paid Rs. 8/- as his commission.

Shashi Bhushan joined army as a Fitter on the condition that he would remain posted in Delhi. At that time, fitters were lodged in barracks behind Red Fort and training was imparted to them in an Institute near Kashmere Gate.

While working as a Fitter in the army at Delhi, he remained in contact with prominent freedom fighters including Mir Mushtaq Ahmed, Ch. Brahm Prakash, Seth Tulsi Ram and Dr. Gian Chand Chopra. He used to meet absconding workers at Gauri Shankar Temple in connivance with Chandra Shekhar, the head priest of the temple. Shashi Bhushan used to secretly distribute literature of freedom struggle and also paste posters on city walls at night. The meticulous planning and execution of these activities baffled the government, as its source of origin remained a mystery. Once Shashi Bhushan left a burning stove in the army store where blankets had been kept. The fire in army store created panic in the army training institute. The Government suspected sabotage. The suspicion became more intense when some machines in the training institute were found damaged. So, Military Police and Intelligence Wing of the Army were alerted.

During absconding period, Shashi Bhushan attended a public meeting at Rohtak. It was addressed by renowned Arya Samaj leader, Swami Swatantranand of Dayanand Math of Dinanagar in the district of Gurdaspur. Swamiji, a legendary figure, was over all incharge of Vande Mataram agitation and Satyagrah launched by Arya Samaj against Nizam of Hyderabad in which nearly one lakh Satyagrahis courted arrest and were jailed in 1939.

Swami Swatratanand was also arrested in 1942 movement and detained and tortued in Lahore Fort but he did not disclose the whereabouts of Shashi Bhushan who had gone underground. Swamiji was released from jail only offer Shashi Bhushan had been arrested from the house of Lala Tek Chand. The reason was that in a public meeting at Rohtak, Shashi Bhushan with the permission of Swamiji had moved a resolution that youngmen of Haryana would not join British Army and those who were already serving the army would not use arms against freedom fighters. The resolution was passed unanimously with thunderous applause. The passing of such a resolution marked the beginning of a more determined struggle against British imperialism.

Swami Swatantranand was a highly respected Sanyasi who had, among his followers, Unionist ministers like Sir Chhotu Ram and Sir Manohar Lal. Both tried to get Swamiji released from Lahore Fort, but government declined till Shashi Bhushan, who was wanted for his rebellious activities, was arrested and sent to jail.

Shashi Bhushan was a minor when he was arrested and imprisoned as A-class security prisoner. He became adult in jail. Before arrest, the authorities in Gwalior, Delhi, Punjab and United Province had declared him an absconder. A team of CID officials which included a Scotland Yard trained CID Inspector Radhika Narain, Inspector Gurdial Singh and Dy. S.P. Bawa Jagat Singh were specially assigned the task of executing warrants of arrest against Shashi Bhushan. The over all incharge of the arrest operation was DIG(CID) Base, an Englishman.

During absconding period, Shashi Bhushan called on DIG Base in the Circuit House at Rohtak and handed over to him a packet which looked like a packet of sweets, but in fact, it contained printed material against British Government asking it to Quit India lock, stock and barrel. The DIG became furious the moment he came to know that he was confronting Shashi Bhushan, a rebel and an absconder. Since DIG was alone in the room, he could do nothing except to shout at Shashi Bhushan, and said that he would be dealt with a shoot-at-sight order.